Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #41)

Day #41 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Commentary: It is proven from the first narration (i.e. 45) that sinners are also given glad-tidings at the time of death. (Nabi (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) is saying that although punishment will be mentioned with the glad-tidings i.e. for such and such a sin, you will enter Jahannam and thereafter go to Jannah, it (should be understood to be) similar to a person who has committed murder and is certain that he will receive the death penalty. Thereafter, he receives a verdict stating that he will only be punished for 7 years and thereafter he will be given 50 cities (i.e. their land and houses, etc.). One can imagine the level of this person’s excitement. Furthermore, despite him being informed of his punishment at the time of death, there still remain various ways through which he can be forgiven, e.g. his child supplicating for him, another believer supplicating for him, through his Sadaqah Jaariyah, through the intercession of Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) or the other believers, or, lastly, through the mercy of Arhamur-Raahimeen (The Most Merciful). All of this is established from the Ahaadeeth.)

From the second narration (i.e. 46), it is proven that the believers are given a general glad-tiding that they will be able to correctly answer the questions posed by Munkar and Nakeer in the grave. In the question posed by ‘Umar (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu), the words ‘Our intelligence’ and the affirmative reply of Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) clearly indicates that this is not specific to ‘Umar (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu), but includes all believers. It also proves that at the time of questioning, the faculties of every believer will be sound. Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) has also attested to the fact that due to the faculties being sound, answering the questions correctly will be (easily) possible. This strongly strengthens those hopes (of us giving the correct answers).

From the third narration (i.e. 47), it is proven that the hardship in the grave is not purposeless and non-beneficial. By way of it, one is saved from the hardships and tribulations of the hereafter.

These three aspects (mentioned above) are clearly ascertained from these three Ahaadeeth (i.e. 45, 46, 47). This strengthens our claim that the hardship which a sinner goes through (in the grave) is not void of ease, mercy, and hope as well.

(to be continued…)

N.B. This series will be temporarily paused for the last ten days, until further notice.

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #40)

Day #40 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 47: Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu) has mentioned, “There is (the first) reckoning in the grave, and there is (the second) reckoning in the hereafter; so whoever is reckoned in the grave has been saved, and whoever is reckoned on the Day of Resurrection will be punished.”  (Nawaadirul Usool)

Hakim at-Tirmidhi (Rahimahullah) mentioned (explaining this Hadith), “A believer is only reckoned in the grave so that it is not burdensome for him tomorrow, on the plain of Qiyaamah. He is, therefore, purified whilst in Barzakh, so that he can exit the grave (when he is resurrected) whilst he has (already) been requited (for his deeds).” (A disbeliever’s reckoning will be left for the Day of Qiyaamah, and the punishment of Barzakh will be a separate punishment.)

(to be continued…)

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #39)

Day #39 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 45: Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) has mentioned, “When Allah commands the angel of death to take the souls of those who are going to (remain for some time in) Jahannam from among the sinners of my Ummah, then he says, ‘Give them glad-tidings of Jannah after such and such a punishment’ i.e. depending on the duration which they will be kept in Jahannam for (i.e. the angel informs them of the duration of their stay in Jahannam and gives them glad-tidings of Jannah).” (Musnadul Firdaus)

This is done because Allah is the Most Merciful.

Hadith 46: Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) once mentioned to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu), “O ‘Umar! What will be your condition when you pass away, and they measure out (and dig) for you a grave three and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide? They will then return to you, wash you (i.e. give you a Ghusl), enshroud you, and apply Hanoot (a type of fragrance) for you. They will then carry you until they place you in it (i.e. the grave which they had dug for you), and thereafter, they will hurl sand upon you. When they depart from you, the two questioners of the grave, Munkar and Nakeer, will come to you. Their voices will be like intense thunder and eyes like a heavy streak of lightning. They will jostle and hustle you, speak harshly to you, and make you terror-stricken. What will be your condition at that time, O ‘Umar?” He asked, “O Messenger of Allah, will I be in (complete) possession of my mind (at that time)?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied, “Yes.” He replied, “Then I will suffice you regarding them (i.e. You don’t have to worry, I will find a way out).” (Hilyatul Awliyaa’)

In one narration it is mentioned that ‘Umar (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu) asked, “Will our intellect be returned to us?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied, “Yes, in the same state that you have it today.” (Musnad Ahmad)

(to be continued…)

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #38)

Day #38 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 43: Abu Barzah (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu) used to (constantly) advise, “When I pass away, then place two (green) palm branches with me in my grave.” (Ibn ‘Asaakir)

‘Allamah Suyuti (Rahimahullah) has mentioned (after mentioning the above narration), “This Hadith (i.e. 42) is where (the concept of) planting trees by graves has originated from.” (Sharhus Sudur)

Hadith 44: Sayyiduna Armiyaa (‘Alayhis Salaam) passed by some graves whose inmates were being punished. After a year he passed those graves again and (found that) the punishment had subsided. He said, “Quddoos! Quddoos! (i.e. O Allah!) I passed these graves the first year and its inmates were being punished. I passed it again this year and the punishment had subsided?” (Just then) there was a voice (calling out to him) from the sky, “O Armiyaa! Their shrouds have become tattered and torn, their hair has fallen off, and their graves have been obliterated (by collapsing internally, being levelled, etc.). I looked at them (in such a pitiable condition) and had mercy upon them. This is the way in which I deal with the inmates of the obliterated graves, and those whose shrouds have been torn and tattered, and those whose hair has fallen off.” (Taareekh Ibnun-Najjaar)

 

Commentary: An answer to a doubt: These Ahaadeeth can only create a longing for death if there are no other (opposing) narrations which mention that death and the period after death is a great tribulation for some people, (and since these type of narrations do exist, a doubt may arise).

The answer to this doubt is: Firstly, the causes of these tribulations i.e. sin, is a thing of choice, where one has the option of safeguarding one’s self. The one who has been afflicted is afflicted as a result of his own choice and actions. One has the choice of making a deliberate intention to sin or avoid sin, so (if one avoids all of these ways) then what is the reason for one to fall into such troubles and tribulations?

If we have to entertain this doubt, then even the best of incentives will not be able to create enthusiasm for anything at all, because for everything it can be said that whatever ways and mediums exist to attain it, equally contrary and opposite mediums also exist to prevent one from attaining it, (so if a person requires there to be only good things as an incentive for him to do something and no risks or causes for desisting, then he will never end up doing anything).

Our objective for mentioning these Ahaadeeth is for us to ponder over death and that which occurs after death. The fear that people normally have regarding death will be removed by reading or listening to these Ahaadeeth. The ways of attaining those blessings, favours, and virtues are categorical and abundantly explicit, and (in order to attain those virtues, etc.) it is incumbent to act upon them. We do not mean that these favours, etc. have been promised without any conditions.

Secondly, when pondering over these Ahaadeeth, it becomes evident that the tribulations that a sinner experiences are not only skin-deep, but some ease is experienced occasionally. These too are not without any benefit. Some Ahaadeeth regarding this have been gathered below:

(to be continued…)

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #37)

Day #37 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 41: ‘Abdullah bin Naafi’ al-Muzani (Rahimahullah) has mentioned, “A person once passed away in Madinah, and was buried therein. Thereafter, someone had seen him (in a dream, and, in the dream) he appeared to be from among the people of Jahannam. He (i.e. the person who had seen the dream) was terribly saddened by this. After seven or eight days, he was (again) shown to that same person (in a dream, and) he appeared to be from among the people of Jannah, so he asked him (regarding the cause of this drastic change). He (the deceased) replied, ‘A pious person was buried by us and was allowed to intercede on behalf of forty of his neighbours (i.e. those buried around him), and I happened to be from among them.’” (Kitaabul Quboor)

Hadith 42: Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) once passed by two graves and remarked, “Verily, these two (inmates of these graves) are being punished, and they are not being punished for something (which is) very difficult (to protect one’s self from)…” It is also mentioned in the (same) Hadith that Rasulullah (Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) took a green palm branch, broke it into two pieces, and thereafter inserted one (piece) into each grave. The Sahabah asked, “O Messenger of Allah, why did you do that?” He replied, “It is hoped that their punishment will be lightened as long as these two (branches) do not become dry.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

(to be continued…)

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #36)

Day #36 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 39: Sha’bi (Rahimahullah) has mentioned, “(It was the practice of the Ansaar that) whenever a person passed away from among them, they would go to his grave and recite Qur’an by him (and send the reward to him).” (Al-Qiraa’ah ‘Indal Quboor)

I (Ml Ashraf ‘Ali Thanwi) say, that had they believed that the reward of reciting the Qur’an doesn’t reach (the deceased people), then they would not have recited Qur’an (at the grave). (Furthermore,) they would not have held a certain belief without any proof (to substantiate that belief). (Their proof was the guidance and teachings of Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam)). Hence, (by way of Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam)’s teachings) it is proven that the reward of reciting the Qur’an reaches the deceased.

Hadith 40: Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) was once asked, “O Messenger of Allah, will (having) a righteous neighbour be of any benefit in the hereafter?” He replied, “Is he (the righteous neighbour) of any benefit in the world?” They replied, “Most certainly.” He then said, “Similarly, he will be of benefit in the hereafter.” (Al-Maaleeni)

(to be continued…)

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #35)

Day #35 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 37: Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) has mentioned, “When anyone (of you) gives voluntary charity, then give on behalf of your parents (as well). They will receive its (complete) reward, without the reward of the giver being decreased at all.” (Al-Mu’jamul Awsat)

Hadith 38: Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) has mentioned, “After serving (parents during their lifetime), another (method of) serving them (after their demise) is, when performing salaah, to perform Salaah on their behalf (by sending its rewards to them); and when fasting, to fast on their behalf as well; and when giving charity, to give on their behalf as well (i.e. You should confer upon them a portion of the rewards of any voluntary action which you do).” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah)

(to be continued…)

 

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Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series (Day #34)

Day #34 – Shawq-e-Watan Excerpt Series

Continuation of Chapter 11 – The Physical And Spiritual Blessings Of Barzakh (The Period Between Death And The Day Of Resurrection)

Hadith 35: “The (similitude of a) dead person in the grave is just like that of a drowning person frantically seeking assistance, waiting in anticipation of some supplication (Du’a) to reach him from his father, mother, son, or friend. When it reaches him it is more beloved to him than the world and everything in it. Allah rewards the deceased (with rewards) equivalent to mountains because of the supplication (Du’a) of those that are alive (and supplicate for them). The gift of the living to the dead is to seek forgiveness for them.” (Shu’abul Imaan)

Compiler’s Note: This narration has been classified as ‘unsuitable for quotation’ by many scholars of Hadith. We were unable to locate a suitable, alternate narration, hence, we have refrained from attributing it to anyone. One should, therefore, refrain from quoting it as a statement of Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam). Refer to footnote 1 for the classifying statements. 

Hadith 36: Sa’d bin ‘Ubaadah (Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu) once asked, “O Messenger of Allah, the mother of Sa’d has passed away. Which (form of) charity is the best (to give on her behalf)?” He replied, “Water.” The narrator says, “He (Sa’d) thereafter dug a well and said, ‘This (i.e. the reward of the well) is for the mother of Sa’d.’” (Abu Dawud)

(to be continued…)

 

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[1] Hereunder are the classifying statements: